News Articles

News four a news article discusses current or recent news of either general interest or of a specific topic in London UK

Trump looks to boost defense funding — but not enough for hawks

Hawkish US lawmakers and Pentagon officials have long bemoaned spending caps introduced in 2011

President Donald Trump’s proposed 2018 budget calls for a significant jump in the Pentagon’s vast budget, though it falls short of the historic spending bonanza sought by more hawkish Republicans.

Pentagon budget documents released Tuesday call for $574 billion in general defense funding, with an additional $65 billion for supplemental wartime spending — for a total of $639 billion.

The proposed spending boost represents an increase of more than $50 billion — about 10 percent — over 2017 funding levels for the base budget, but an increase amounting to only about three percent over projections envisioned by the Obama administration.

Even though the United States already spends more on defense than the next seven nations combined, some lawmakers and Pentagon officials have long bemoaned spending caps introduced in 2011 as impacting all services.

“Since enactment of the Budget Control Act in 2011, the world has become a more dangerous place with rising terrorism and more aggressive potential adversaries,” Pentagon comptroller John Roth said.

“The military has during that same period of time become smaller, readiness has eroded and modernization has been deferred. That’s not a good place to be.”

Trump in February promised what he said would be “one of the greatest military buildups in American history” but hawkish Republicans have said his proposed increases are insufficient.

Senior Republican Senator John McCain predicted the proposal would be “dead on arrival” when it reaches Congress.

“After years of budget cuts amid growing threats around the world, this budget request fails to provide the necessary resources to restore military readiness, rebuild military capacity, and renew our military advantage with investments in modern capabilities,” McCain said.

The budget proposes building the number of active-duty troops from across the services up to 1,314,000 — a slight increase from current levels.

And it would fund 70 F-35 stealth fighters, two Virginia Class submarines, dozens of new helicopters, thousands of precision-guided bombs and an array of other military hardware.

The additional money for defense would be offset by deep cuts to the State Department, the Environmental Protection Agency and a variety of social welfare programs.

“The world is a very dangerous place these days, so there is a compelling justification for this budget,” said Lieutenant General Anthony Ierardi when asked why Americans should accept the extra spending.

Trump looks to boost defense funding — but not enough for hawks

Hawkish US lawmakers and Pentagon officials have long bemoaned spending caps introduced in 2011

President Donald Trump’s proposed 2018 budget calls for a significant jump in the Pentagon’s vast budget, though it falls short of the historic spending bonanza sought by more hawkish Republicans.

Pentagon budget documents released Tuesday call for $574 billion in general defense funding, with an additional $65 billion for supplemental wartime spending — for a total of $639 billion.

The proposed spending boost represents an increase of more than $50 billion — about 10 percent — over 2017 funding levels for the base budget, but an increase amounting to only about three percent over projections envisioned by the Obama administration.

Even though the United States already spends more on defense than the next seven nations combined, some lawmakers and Pentagon officials have long bemoaned spending caps introduced in 2011 as impacting all services.

“Since enactment of the Budget Control Act in 2011, the world has become a more dangerous place with rising terrorism and more aggressive potential adversaries,” Pentagon comptroller John Roth said.

“The military has during that same period of time become smaller, readiness has eroded and modernization has been deferred. That’s not a good place to be.”

Trump in February promised what he said would be “one of the greatest military buildups in American history” but hawkish Republicans have said his proposed increases are insufficient.

Senior Republican Senator John McCain predicted the proposal would be “dead on arrival” when it reaches Congress.

“After years of budget cuts amid growing threats around the world, this budget request fails to provide the necessary resources to restore military readiness, rebuild military capacity, and renew our military advantage with investments in modern capabilities,” McCain said.

The budget proposes building the number of active-duty troops from across the services up to 1,314,000 — a slight increase from current levels.

And it would fund 70 F-35 stealth fighters, two Virginia Class submarines, dozens of new helicopters, thousands of precision-guided bombs and an array of other military hardware.

The additional money for defense would be offset by deep cuts to the State Department, the Environmental Protection Agency and a variety of social welfare programs.

“The world is a very dangerous place these days, so there is a compelling justification for this budget,” said Lieutenant General Anthony Ierardi when asked why Americans should accept the extra spending.

Virginity for sale to the highest bidder: Teenager, 18, becomes the latest to offer herself to paying perverts on website that boasts it has doctors verify girls have not had sexDo you want to automatically post your MailOnline comments to your Facebook Timeline?Do you want to automatically post your MailOnline comments to your Facebook Timeline?



An 18-12 months-old girl has placed her virginity up for public sale via a sinister website that boasts approximately having medical doctors who can verify that the women have not had sex.

Kim, who’s half of Austrian and half of German, decided to sell her frame through the organization Cinderella Escorts to fund her studies, a flat and a car.

Bidding for the 5ft 8in student starts offevolved at £86,640 (100,000 Euro), of which 20 percent will visit the enterprise, according to neighborhood media.

Kim, 18, has positioned her virginity up for public sale via a sinister internet site that boasts approximately having docs who can confirm that the ladies have no longer had sex

According to German media, she contacted a consultant escort company selling virgins for tens of millions with the words: ‘Hello, my name is Kim and I would like to promote my virginity.’

The younger girl has decided to public sale her virginity so she can have a look at somewhere in Germany or in the Austrian capital of Vienna.

The Cinderella Escorts website claims her virginity is verified with a medical doctor’s certificates and a ability customer also can do their very own checks to ‘check out’ the female.

RELATED ARTICLES

Previous
1
Next

‘Come in and act out your fantasies’: How ‘Cocaine Cassie’…

‘She has to die, I’m no longer getting any sex’: Ex-Bill manufacturer,…

Property mogul, fifty three, who used an person website to run a £16m…

Dutch banker fired after she is exposed as a dominatrix…

Share this text

Share
12 shares

On their internet site, Kim states she likes consuming orange juice and loves Greek food and roses. 

Kim said: ‘I would like to take a look at in Germany or Vienna. With the cash I can buy a flat, pay my training costs and come up with the money for a vehicle.’

The student turned into inspired by Aleexandra Khefren, a 18-yr-old Romanian version who bought her virginity for £2million (2.Three million Euro) to an unnamed businessman from Hong Kong.

News approximately Khefren and the virgin escort employer went viral across the world and additionally got here to the eye of Kim. 

The pupil, who is half of Austrian and half German, determined to sell her frame through the employer Cinderella Escorts to fund her research, a flat and a car

She said: ‘So is it in reality really worth extra than 2.Three million euro to offer my virginity to a person who may in the end depart me anyway? To be honest, I do not believe it.’ 

Kim says she is willing to satisfy with the best bidder anywhere inside the international as long as all travels are paid for. 

The teen brought that she is not scared of the stranger as the employer has stated she will ‘smash off’ the meeting at any time. 

Despite her family threatening to disown her over the deal, 18-yr-old Aleexandra introduced she became selling her virginity in 2015.

‘I wanted to promote my virginity with Cinderella Escorts in place of giving it to a future friend who might have left me anyway,’ she instructed The Star. ‘And I suppose many other women have the equal mind-set.

‘How many would in all likelihood forgo their first time on reflection if they may have 2.3 million euros (£2m) rather?’

Bidding for the 5ft 8in student begins at £86,640 (one hundred,000 Euro), of which 20 percent will visit the employer, in keeping with nearby media

Khefren said that the businessman is ‘very pleasant’ and that though she’s spoken to him, while she meets him in man or woman for the first time, she may be followed through Cinderella Escorts staff.

She brought on outrage while she seemed on the TV display ‘This Morning’ to talk approximately her arguable plan.

Presenter Holly Willoughby and Phillip Scholfield have been left bowled over – as were many viewers who expressed their disgust and sadness at her scheme.

The youngster did no longer inform her dad and mom what she become doing and they exploded with fury after coming across her plan.

MailOnline exclusively revealed how they’d a tearful disagreement with her at their rented condominium in Bucharest, Romania.

Her policeman father Toni and mum Elena begged her not to go through with the sale of her virginity.

And notwithstanding the hazard from her father that he might disown her she refused to backpedal pronouncing it became her frame and she or he should do as desired.

The Cinderella Escorts website claims her virginity is demonstrated with a health practitioner’s certificate and a potential customer also can do their very own assessments to ‘investigate’ the female

Last yr, Khefren gave a phone interview to Romanian TV station STIRI where she talked about her preference to sell herself – even as bizarrely insisting she does not remember herself a prostitute.

The beginning auction fee for her virginity changed into put at ?1million Euros – about £865,000 – by using the German-based escort corporation handling the sale.

Khefren has stated she is curious about intercourse and that she was hoping the person who takes her virginity will wine and dine her previous to going to mattress.

‘We will visit a inn in Germany, have dinner after which it’ll show up,’ she said ultimate 12 months. ‘I am very curious about how intercourse is. I actually have not experimented. I don’t know what is it.’

While most of the people might don’t forget selling her virginity for cash, Khefren insisted she became not a prostitute.

‘I will now not become a w***e. I am shrewd,’ she said. ‘This is an opportunity and I take it.

The guy in the back of Germany’s most famous escort internet site is a 26-year-old man who nonetheless lives in his mom’s basement.

Jan Zakobielski outed himself as the person in the back of the multi-million pound operation which he runs from his parent’s residence in in Dortmund, German, both of them blind to his business.

He stated: ‘No one makes those younger girls do anything they don’t need to do. They have their own minds and their personal opinions on sexuality.’ 

The student turned into stimulated by using Aleexandra Khefren (pictured), a 18-yr-antique Romanian version who sold her virginity for £2million to an unnamed businessman from Hong Kong

Khefren has stated she is curious about intercourse and that she was hoping the person who takes her virginity will wine and dine her previous to going to bed

When the 26-yr-vintage changed into faced through MailOnline, he pleaded to talk away from his home, saying: ‘My dad and mom don’t know what I’m doing.’

Despite admitting being behind the ‘sale’ of Romanian teen Aleexandra Khefren and 3 different younger girls, he insisted he turned into no longer exploiting them.

The German runs the corporation on a computer pc while his associate, also called Jan, fields calls made to a cellular cellphone range indexed for the organisation.

Zakobielski said the success of his business showed there has been a demand. ‘No-one makes those young women do some thing they do not want to do. They have their very own minds and their very own opinions on sexuality,’ he advised MailOnline.

‘I actually have had no run-ins with feminists or all of us else. I am now not do anything incorrect.’ 

Zakobielski stated different women had offered their virginity in the past and claimed his business enterprise gave them a layer of protection. 

‘There are many enterprises selling virginities underhand. The women are totally unprotected in such instances. We, however, pass public and stand as an official and criminal enterprise for the women. Better than underhand, or what?’

Zakobielski stated there was a rigorous vetting manner before an come across became allowed to take area.

 Her policeman father Toni and mom Elena (both pictured) begged her not to undergo with the sale of her virginity

Despite the threat from her father that he might disown her she refused to back down saying it turned into her body and she ought to do as wanted

‘We from Cinderella Escorts reject eighty percent of all programs from young girls. More than 30 young ladies have already carried out to us. 

‘Before a meeting a woman has to sign that she does no longer have sex without condoms. We accompany them to the meeting and are inside the place if issues stand up’.

Zakobielski said the girls may want to cancel their ‘conferences’ at any point if they felt uncomfortable or the client changed into ‘unkempt or now not a gentleman’. 

He went on: ‘We additionally reject women where we experience that a person else is at the back of it and that they do no longer need to sell their virginity on their own. 

‘A girl does no longer just need to give us a certificates that she is a virgin, she has to pay Cinderella Escorts for a assembly with a psychologist. 

‘If they do now not provide us a certificates that the female has no mental troubles and is intellectually fully responsible and adult, then we do not allow any assembly.’  

Men who need to have sex with the escorts on the site have placed down a forty according to cent deposit by using moving the finances to Cinderella’s financial institution account previous to the meeting. The remaining cash is paid in coins to the women at the point of sale of intercourse.

Prostitution is felony in Germany and Zakobielski denies that he is a pimp.

‘We are very a success and take calls all the time. People are very interested by procuring the virgins. 

‘We have had calls from China, India, America. All over the arena. It is our process now to type out the genuine ones.’ 

Ariana Grande has made a statement following the bomb explosion at her Manchester concert



Ariana Grande has made a statement on Twitter following the suspected terror attack at her ‘Dangerous Woman’ live performance in Manchester which took place ultimate night time.

So a long way, the BBC reviews that Greater Manchester Police has showed 22 were killed and 59 were injured inside the bomb which exploded at 10.35pm at the Manchester Arena, simply as the concert was finishing. Witnesses described hearing a noisy bang at the entrance as the general public made their manner home following the display.

Greater Manchester Police chief constable Ian Hopkins has showed “there are children a number of the deceased.”

Taking to Twitter, Ariana truely tweeted that she is “broken” following the incident, adding that she is “so so sorry”.

broken.
from the lowest of my heart, i’m so so sorry. I do not have phrases.

? Ariana Grande (@ArianaGrande) May 23, 2017

“I don’t have words,” tweeted the celebrity.

And her enthusiasts echoed her disappointment at the night’s events.

@ArianaGrande sending my love and prayers to you and each person suffering from this horrible tragedy. I am surely speechless and heartbroken

? Antonio (@antoniodelotero) May 23, 2017

@ArianaGrande our hearts go out to you and to the households and the sufferers of this tragedy. Please retain to convey joy to everyone and heal baby.

? Justine (@biticonjustine) May 23, 2017

@padilla_gall @ladivaza @ArianaGrande Ariana Grande please be robust. We are right here to help you. Sending all of the like to the families, #arianators and you! ?? ?

? Justin Bieber’s Fans (@justinbieberRT1) May 23, 2017

@ArianaGrande please don’t experience responsible? This changed into not your doing. A few cruel person desired to take away the happiness you usually give your fanatics

? Jamie corbett (@justjamiie) May 23, 2017

Meanwhile, on Instagram, an photo of a ribbon with Ariana’s well-known bunny ears has been circulating, with users sharing their condolences.

Our hearts exit to anyone effected through this tragedy. Children ought to in no way be focused. Children must be blanketed. This atrocity is horrific. #innocencelost #manchester

A post shared through Imagine That! (@imaginethattuition) on May 22, 2017 at 11:55pm PDT

#Manchester ??

A post shared by way of Nicolette van Dam (@nicolettevandam1) on May 22, 2017 at eleven:04pm PDT

Our thoughts are with all people concerned within the horrible incident.

The Importance of Physical Fitness

[ad_1]

In its most general meaning, physical fitness is a general state of good physical health. Obtaining and maintaining physical fitness is a result of physical activity, proper diet and nutrition and of course proper rest for physical recovery. In its simplest terms, physical fitness is to the human body what fine-tuning is to an engine. It enables people to perform up to their potential. Regardless of age, fitness can be described as a condition that helps individuals look, feel and do their best. Thus, physical fitness trainers, describe it as the ability to perform daily tasks vigorously and alertly, with left over energy to enjoy leisure-time activities and meet emergency demands. Specifically true for senior citizens, physical fitness is the ability to endure, bear up, withstand stress and carry on in circumstances where an unfit person could not continue.

In order for one to be considered physically fit, the heart, lungs, and muscles have to perform at a certain level for the individual to continue feeling capable of performing an activity. At the same time, since what humans do with their bodies directly affects the state of mind, fitness influences to some degree qualities such as mental alertness and emotional expression.

Physical fitness is often divided into the following categories in order for people to be able examine its components or parts. Particularly, physical fitness is judged by:

1. Cardiovascular endurance: This is the ability of the body to deliver oxygen and nutrients to tissues and to remove wastes over sustained periods of time.

2. Muscular strength & endurance: Strength deals with the ability of the muscle to exert force for a brief time period, while endurance is the ability of a muscle, or group of muscles, to sustain repeated contractions or to continue to apply force against an inert object.

3. Flexibility: This denotes the ability to move joints and use muscles through their full range of motion.

4. Body composition: Considered as one of the components of fitness, composition refers to the body in terms of lean mass (muscle, bone, vital tissue, and organs) and fat mass. Actually, the optimal ratio of fat to lean mass is an indication of fitness. Performing the right set of exercises can help people get rid off body fat and increase or maintain muscle mass.

[ad_2]

by Jonathon Hardcastle

What the Spartans Knew About Health and Physical Fitness

[ad_1]

We live in a day and age when it seems like everyone is trying to get lean and fit, and the Spartans had a great grasp of proper health, but they did it in a different way. They had to, because they had to constantly be battle ready, but what’s interesting is all of the wisdom that they can share with us.

If you take any farm animal for instance, they tend to live out their lives to their fullest longevity, and are happy along the way. Why is this? well, because they only eat, drink, and get the exercise that they were meant to.

Ignorance is bliss, and yet Spartan health in those days certainly was not ignorant, because they knew the power of keeping it simple. So here’s what you can learn from them by keeping it just that – simple.

1. Understand that there are a lot of gadgets that promise total fitness, but that you can go around your house, lift heavy objects, do free-weight squats, push ups, and pull ups and other simple exercises, and still get the same results.

2. We were born knowing what we should be eating, we just break the rules. Fruits, vegetables, fish and meat are all you need to be healthy and happy. Most people make the mistake of just trying to eat right. It doesn’t work that way. You must have some activity, whether its power walking, hiking or biking.

3. Focus on combining these two. I know everyone says this and I know that it sounds so simple, but true physical fitness is just this simple. If you put in the time to build yourself a basic routine – you can do it, but you need to educate yourself a bit on what’s going to work for you.

For instance, my diet is simple. At lunch I mainly just eat a bowl of fruit, which fills me up and gives me a ton of energy. I always have a large salad every day which also is filling and tastes way better than pizza, but I still eat those things too, because I’m not afraid of them.

Extreme behavior is what crushes peoples dreams of fitness. Again, don’t modify and try out different plans, just pick one that is real, down to earth and stick with it.

Ancient cultures and tribes spent their lives studying physical fitness and endurance, because they ere passionate about it, more than we are today. As a result, they developed incredible looking bodies. You think those muscular statues of the ancient Greeks are exaggerated? think again.

Today’s society is distracting. Just as we get started with something that might work for us, we hear about something else that sounds great and chance course before we see any results.

Set up a simple routine and stick with it. Remember, 19 days of doing something can make it a habit. You can get to the point where you do this stuff on auto-pilot, without it seeming like a burden. Make training like the Spartans for health a good habit.

[ad_2]

by John Sibbs

Chinese Black Fungus For Health, Fitness, Diets, Slimming and Nutrition

[ad_1]

Can fish and meat textures and tastes be found in a vegetable? Chinese Black Fungus is renowned for these qualities, its vital nutrients and its valuable contributions, as a dietary supplement, to overall fitness and health. Usually obtained in dried packaged form, it requires washing before use.

As a Health Supplement

Enriching blood and preventing iron deficiency anemia, Western medical science has found Black Fungus very effective in blood viscosity modulation as it inhibits platelet aggregation thus lowering blood-viscosity levels. In Traditional Chinese Medicine (TCM) its applications include anaemia, uterine bleeding, hemorrhoids, high blood pressure and coronary heart disease. It also figures significantly in cancer prevention and relief.

A very common and inexpensive ingredient in Chinese cuisine, it also has been recognised within TCM as a medicinal food for thousands of years. Black Fungus, rich in nutrients such as iron, protein, fat, vitamins and polysaccharides, also contains vital trace elements like potassium, selenium and manganese essential to the body’s long-term health.

Black Fungus’ bittersweet taste is not particularly strong, its texture is decidedly meat-like however. Its’ presence in dishes serves rather to enhance the flavours of the main ingredients.

As a Diet Aid

Black Fungus is a potent ally in the fight against obesity. Whilst very low-calorie, its meat-like texture (and taste) when boiled make it particularly appetite satisfying. It is frequently added to other dishes to ‘enrich’ them, to bulk these up for dieting/ slimming purposes as well as for its valuable nutritional contents.

Definitely not ‘fast-food’ it needs extensive soaking and cleaning before use. Available from most Chinese supermarkets, Black Fungus is sometimes stocked by inner-city branches of Tesco.

‘Fat Busters’ to Enjoy Alongside It

Keen dieters can wash down their Black Fungus with other proven Chinese slimming, weight-loss and nutrition aids like Green Tea (Lu Cha) and Bojenmi Tea.

Green tea stimulates the heart, aids digestion and provides a general ‘wake up’ call. Encouraging fat metabolization and popular for dieting and slimming, general bodily detoxification is also encouraged by Green Tea drinking.

Anaemia sufferers (and women during their menstrual period) should avoid Green Tea as it inhibits iron-assimilation somewhat. These should switch to Bojenmi Tea (see below) and/ or consume Black Fungus to remedy iron deficiencies.

Bojenmi Cha, also known as “good health, nice appearance flesh-reducing tea” also encourages slimming and weight loss. A blend of 12 medicinal herbs based upon an ancient Ming Dynasty remedy, this pleasant tasting tea aids digestion, lowers cholesterol levels and has a mild laxative effect.

Overall

Both teas help flush out fatty deposits from internal systems. Inexpensive Green Tea’s fat removal effect’s are such that Chinese restaurants use left-overs to clean grease from tables at closing time.

Black Fungus, Green Tea and Bojenmi Tea all have internal cleansing, detoxifying and longevity-inducing effects encouraging their inclusion in anti-aging and health and fitness dietary regimes. All three can be found in most Chinese Supermarkets

[ad_2]

by Peter Allsop

5 Components of Physical Fitness

[ad_1]

The 5 components of physical fitness are often used in our school systems, health clubs and fitness centers to gauge how good a shape we are truly in. The 5 components that make up total fitness are:

  • Cardiovascular Endurance
  • Muscular Strength
  • Muscular endurance
  • Flexibility
  • Body Composition
  • Total fitness can be defined by how well the body performs in each one of the components of physical fitness as a whole. It is not enough to be able to bench press your body weight. You also need to determine how well you can handle running a mile etc.

    A closer look at the individual components:

    Cardiovascular endurance is the ability of the heart and lungs to work together to provide the needed oxygen and fuel to the body during sustained workloads. Examples would be jogging, cycling and swimming. The Cooper Run is used most often to test cardiovascular endurance.

    Muscular strength is the amount of force a muscle can produce. Examples would be the bench press, leg press or bicep curl. The push up test is most often used to test muscular strength.

    Muscular endurance is the ability of the muscles to perform continuous without fatiguing. Examples would be cycling, step machines and elliptical machines. The sit up test is most often used to test muscular endurance.

    Flexibility is the ability of each joint to move through the available range of motion for a specific joint. Examples would be stretching individual muscles or the ability to perform certain functional movements such as the lunge. The sit and reach test is most often used to test flexibility.

    Body composition is the amount of fat mass compared to lean muscle mass, bone and organs. This can be measured using underwater weighing, Skinfold readings, and bioelectrical impedance. Underwater weighing is considered the “gold standard” for body fat measurement, however because of the size and expense of the equipment needed very few places are set up to do this kind of measurement.

    Why the need for physical fitness testing?

    As stated earlier the 5 components of physical fitness represent how fit and healthy the body is as a whole. When you have the battery of tests performed you will receive information on the specific areas you made need to work in. A very specific goal oriented fitness program can be developed from the test battery.

    If body composition is of (higher fat compared to muscle mass) there are many health related diseases and illnesses you have a higher chance of contracting. It is important to combine healthy eating habits with your exercise program.

    If you scored low on the cardiovascular test you would have a higher chance of being at risk for heart related illnesses and would not do well with activities that require longer times to complete. You would participate in things such as long bike rides, swimming and jogging for extended periods of time to correct this component.

    The next three tests can have results that are isolated to specific joints and muscles of the body or affect the body as a whole.

    If you score low on the flexibility tests, you have a greater chance of decreased performance in daily living activities/sports and a higher risk of injury. You may also experience low back pain. It would be important to included flexibility training into your workout everyday.

    If you scored low on the muscular endurance test you fatigue early into the exercise or activities of daily living. Many exercises that require high reps and low weight would be implemented into your training program.

    If you scored low on the muscle strength test you do not have enough strength to perform well in sports, resistance training and activities of daily living. Your fitness program would have a progressive strength training component added that would allow you to become stronger with little chance of injury over time.

    Fitness testing has its limitations – while it gives you a good idea of where your body is, it does not paint the entire picture. As stated earlier some of the above tests are only testing specific body parts. Other important factors such as balance and agility are not tested. It also requires the ability to perform the tests. It would be dangerous for someone who is in poor condition and does not exercise to participate in fitness testing.

    Before deciding to undergo fitness testing, make sure you know why they are being done and determine that it is safe for you to participate.

    [ad_2]

    by Karen L Skidmore

    Understanding the Definition of Health Related Fitness

    [ad_1]

    Being a Health and Fitness Professional, it is my job to understand terms and definitions which are commonplace to this industry, as well to keep abreast of evolving trends. Through my experience, I have found that a number of terms deserve a little more clarification than that which they are granted.

    Aside from clarifying the definition of Health Related Fitness, this article intends to shed some light on a few of the associated terms, and to show their respective distinctions.

    Is it simply all in a name?

    The fitness world seems to use the concept Health Related Fitness like a generic fitness principle – interchangeable with others like “Physical Fitness”, “Health and Fitness” or simply “Fitness.”

    While all of these terms can be included under the broad term Health and Physical Fitness, they individually refer to different aspects – both generic and specific. Unfortunately, references to these and other fitness-related terms are often vague, while consistency in their intended use is meager at best; there is a kind of “generally accepted” use for them, but individuals often rely on own interpretation, and this can lead to confusion.

    With that said, does Health Related Fitness simply infer fitness by means of good health? Not quite. That is why we need to understand a little more behind these words before digesting the definition.

    How did the term Health Related Physical Fitness come about?

    That is a good question. One could probably ask what is this concept all about – can we not simply use the terms “Fitness” or “Physical Fitness” instead?” Why Health “Related”?

    The main reason stems from the fact that most health and fitness terms are used inconsistently and often refer to different concepts or notions. Subsequent to the 1996 report from the US Surgeon General (Physical Activity and Health; a report of the Surgeon General), there was a move to try and address the alarming rise in obesity levels among the general American public. Studies and initiatives required standardization among clinicians, health practitioners and fitness trainers to grapple with the task at hand. Enter “Health Related Physical Fitness”, a working term to address the general state of health among the public.

    The definition of Health Related Fitness

    According to the American College of Sports Medicine (ACSM), the main authority in this field, ineffective definitions with unclear and subjective wordings, as well as definitions containing terms which themselves require defining, have contributed to confusing the term “Physical Fitness.”

    There exists no reliable guide for Health and Fitness Professionals to measure “Physical Fitness”, because the term has been so loosely and inconsistently defined. It is therefore that one should consider the concept of Health Related Fitness. The definition therefore centers on the 5 Components of Physical Fitness which relate to “good health.” These Components are:

    • Cardiorespiratory Fitness
    • Body Composition
    • Flexibility
    • Muscular Strength
    • Muscular Endurance

    On the other hand, Skill Related Fitness Components are:

    • Balance
    • Reaction Time
    • Coordination
    • Agility
    • Speed
    • Power

    According to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC), the definition of Physical Fitness emphasizes the difference between Health Related Physical Fitness and Athletic Ability Physical Fitness. Its point-of-departure is the “health” of the US nation, which is often referred to as the “public health perspective.” In that respect, the 5 Health Related Fitness Components are more important than those related to Athletic Ability (or Skill Related Components).

    Although the concept of Health Related Fitness has an integral association with “good health”, the 5 Components are addressed individually by health professionals to allow for their measurement.

    Now that we have a deeper understanding of the term, what purpose does it serve?

    Continuing from where the definition left off, the objective of measuring the 5 Components is to advise clients about their own particular Health Related Fitness, and to use data obtained from the tests to design appropriate exercise programs which can then be evaluated.

    The 5 Components contribute evenly to make up a holistic Health Related Fitness, which is of direct interest to the health of the ordinary citizen, in that the concept is normative. In other words, it is a standard which allows for consistent application.

    It is therefore important for those working in the health and fitness industry not to mistake “overall physical fitness” with “Health Related Physical fitness.”

    To conclude, let us consider this distinction between Physical Fitness and Health Related Fitness

    One needs to bear in mind that regular physical exercise can improve overall Physical Fitness, as well as Health Related Fitness. However, overall fitness is a generic term and is up to subjective interpretation, while Health Related Fitness can be assessed.

    The distinction therefore, between these two terms, exists in that Health Related Physical Fitness can be measured according to a set of established comparative norms.

    This is where the “rubber hits the road.” The guidelines set out by the ACSM enable health professionals to work with clients to assess and measure their response to exercise and prescribe appropriate exercise programs. A client’s progress can then be monitored and adjusted where necessary in order to obtain the desired fitness goals.

    [ad_2]

    by Cleto Tirabassi

    What Has Changed in Health & Fitness Over the Last 30 Years?

    [ad_1]

    There have been many changes in fitness over the past 30 years. It’s human nature to reminisce about times past. That’s great but lets not forget that things change as well. This is certainly true in the area of health and fitness. “If you do what you have always done, you will get the results you have always gotten” is true, but what if the situation changes? Then what used to work is no longer a viable and effect way to get the results that we want. In this article I will outline seven items that have changed over the past 30 or so years that affect the way we view health, fitness, exercise and what is considered “best”. Let’s look at some of these changes in Fitness.

    1. Activity level

    This change in fitness is pretty obvious. We just don’t move around as much as we used to 30 years ago.

    Currently, the average sedentary person living in an urban setting takes 900-3000 steps a day. Uh… that’s a puny number! In the journal of sports medicine existing literature was pulled together to set a general guideline of what a good number of steps per day would be

    The author Dr. Catrine Tudor-Locke translated different physical activity into steps-per-day equivalents. A rate of fewer than 5,000 is classified as sedentary, 5,000 to 7,499 is low active, 7,500 to 9,999 is somewhat active 10,000 or more is active and 12,500 or more is very active. So what does 900 make us? Close to dead! But its not hard to imagine. Get up from, take elevator to car park, drive car, take elevator to office, sit down, order fast food, reverse the process to go home and go back to bed. Just to note, 1km is about 1300 steps.

    Its gotten to the point where we have to purposely inconvenience ourselves to get our activity level up. Here are some suggestions (that actually show us how pathetic our average activity levels have become).

    Park at the far end of the car park and walk to your building Instead of dropping the kids off in front of the school, park a couple of streets before it and walk them the rest of the way… 10,000 is actually considered a LOW estimate for children.

    Go round the shopping centre or supermarket in a random. With today’s super malls, this is a big thing!

    Take the stairs instead of the lift or escalator (well if you work on the 50th floor, maybe climb halfway to start)

    Give the dog an extra 5 minutes on his walk (we need it even more than him)

    Stop emailing colleagues in the same office, instead go over and talk to them (shockingly effective considering how much email we send each day!… great for team building as well)

    Go for a walk during your lunch break, walk to get your lunch or to find somewhere to eat your lunch

    Get up and do something, run up and down the stairs for example during TV ads (no excuses here!)

    Walk to the corner shop instead of driving or popping in on your way home

    Walk to friends houses instead of driving

    Take public transport and walk from the train station

    Dr. David Bassett studied an Amish community to see what things were like in the past. These guys have no cars, no electricity and do hard manual labor to put food on the table. Its like time travel to the past. They eat 3 large meals a day with lots of meat, vegetables and natural starches like potatoes.

    The 98 Amish adults Bassett surveyed wore pedometers for a week. The men averaged 18,000 steps a day. The women took an average of 14,000 steps.

    The men spent about 10 hours a week doing heavy work like plowing, shoeing horses, tossing hay bales, and digging. The women spent about 3.5 hours a week at heavy chores. Men spent 55 hours a week in moderate activity; women reported 45 hours a week of moderate chores like gardening and doing laundry. Wow that’s a lot of manual labor. Get a pedometer (its only like 20 bucks) and see how you fare.

    2. Fat Percentages and Obesity

    Activity level leads us right on to this point about obesity. The scary obesity rate is one of the most obvious changes in fitness.

    The obesity rate among the participants in the study of the Amish population was 4 percent, as determined by body mass index, or BMI. The current obesity rate among the urban populations is 30% or more. OK the obesity percentages are a scary thing because obesity is already in the “VERY high risk of a lot of bad ways to die” category. There is still the overweight category (obviously fat but not hitting the medically obese range) to consider. These people are at a high risk already!

    The total percentages of overweight + obese are really wild… hitting close to 70% in some cities. Compare this to the average in the 1980s. 10-15% obesity in most cities. It rose to the mid 20% in 1995 and its now at an all time high.

    3. Diet

    OK linked to point no.2 is of course diet. This is another obvious change in fitness. Its very simple actually. We now eat more refined foods (white bread, sugar, rice, flour, noodles). In the body these give pretty much the same response – FAT storage. The only time we should eat these items is immediately after hard training. As we can tell from point no.1, not much of any training is going on. But lots of eating is!

    We also eat less fresh fruits, vegetables and meats. We eat more snacks like chips and cookies (which are also refined despite what advertisers claim).

    These changes in fitness are made more troubling because even natural foods today are not as good for us as they used to be. Current farming methods make vitamin and mineral content in fruits and vegetables drop about 10-40% depending on the mineral. Corn fed meats don’t give us as good an omega 6 to omega 3 ratio as we used to get from grass fed and free range animals. (that means not so many healthy fatty acids for us)

    And of course, we are also simply consuming more calories. The Amish people in the study in point no.1 ate about 3600 calories/day for men and 2100 calories/day for women. Many sedentary people consume this much and more! How? Well a fully “featured” gourmet coffee from coffee bean or Starbucks can add up to 500 calories in an instant of caffeine folly.

    That’s 2 hours of walking for an average sized lady.

    Just remember, calorie quality counts as well. 2000 calories of vegetables, meat and healthy fats is infinitely better than 2000 calories from french fries. Its close to impossible to get fat on the first, and nearly impossible not to get fat with the second.

    I like this car analogy. If you had a 2million dollar dream car, would you put low grade or high grade petrol into it? High grade of course! Then why do some people put low grade filth into their bodies which are so much more important than the car we drive?

    4. Games children play

    The average child who grows up in an urban environment is a motor-skill weakling. As a hobby, I coach youth basketball. In our talent scouting, I have kids do a very simple drill of dribbling in and out and around cones. There are so many kids who can’t do it and some who I think might fall down if asked to RUN around the cones without the ball! This is in contrast to the past where kids ran around, chased each other, played physical games and sports of all kinds, where the playground was the center of fun for young kids. This lack of activity not only causes a change in fitness for the child in his/her youth, but has a profound long term effect as well.

    Of course this change in fitness is a result of a combination of possible factors.

    Parents who only consider academic success to be worth striving for, who only give a child recognition and praise when they do well in academic subjects.

    An education system who also values book knowledge above other things and takes away physical education classes to put more academic lessons in.

    Poorly taught PE lessons that don’t help a child develop motor skills in the key early years Busy double-income families where fathers are not free to play with their children (or don’t care enough to… money isn’t everything dads)

    The maddening computer game addiction situation where virtual life is more important than real life. I believe this is the reason for all the empty basketball courts in my neighbourhood. It used to be that teams lined up to play there. Now only people my age (late 20s to 30s) play. No young kids are there any more.

    But actually, so what? The issue is that if kids stink at sport and physical activity, the well known psychological factor of “competence” comes is. Simply put, in general, we do what we are good at. If our next generation is poor at sport and physical activity, they are even less likely to do any of it! Which combined with items 1 to 3, make for a deadly health crisis for many countries. Obesity costs the UK 7.4 billion in national health care per year! If we don’t help our kids, that’s only going to grow to be a bigger and bigger burden for everybody.

    5. Social Support

    This is a more subtle change in fitness. People are communal animals. We stick with things because there is a supportive community behind us. Even drug and alcoholism rehab centers recognise this. We all need social support. But social links are getting weaker. And no, Friendster and MySpace links don’t make up for it.

    In a more connected but less close world (I know so many people who are only comfortable behind a computer screen and not in front of a real person) there is less social support than in the past (extended families, communal living, strong friendships within a neighbourhood etc) and its hard to stick with something which requires dedication and sacrifice like an exercise program. I’m not a sociologist but I do believe there is a reason that exercise classes do better in terms of membership than individualized training. Most of them certainly are not as effective as great individual coaching. But the social factor does come in when sustaining a lifestyle change is involved.

    6. Free Time

    This subtle change in fitness is pretty clear. We just have less time that we “own”. Bosses, social, family and other commitments make free time a very precious commodity and it adds difficulty to the fact that time is our only non renewable resource. When we choose to exercise or spend time cooking to keep a healthy lifestyle, we are competing with movies, games, TV and other things for free time. We know that exercise is good for us, but it not only has to be good for us, it has to be BETTER in our minds than the latest episode of desperate housewives, or the latest computer game. That’s the issue. We need to prioritize long term health over temporary fun.

    7. Training methods

    OK here is where we are doing well. 30 years ago the aerobics craze took the western world by storm. Its not a very good training method both in terms of results, and in terms of results per unit of time. Add that to the fact that we have such minimal time to train, we can’t afford to train in a sub-optimal way. We know a lot more now. Fortunately for us, there are good methods that smart coaches use to improve training efficiency and get RESULTS even with less training time. Some of these include smartly designed resistance training programs, interval training and good assessment techniques to determine individual needs. If you have a coach like that in your corner, you can turn back the clock and avoid becoming one of the ever growing statistic of people who’s health is headed in the wrong direction. Stay fit and strong and good luck!

    [ad_2]

    by Jon Wong

    Ultimate Nuru Masseuse

    Relaxx Massage Agency offer you Ultimate Nuru Masseuse in London call us at 07966184975


    Nuru Massage London